Science 2.0

Subscribe to Science 2.0 feed
Science 2.0® - Science for the next 2,000 years, Non-profit, non-partisan, independent.
Updated: 1 hour 14 min ago

Fur Color Identified In 3 Million Year Old Mouse

May 21 2019 - 11:05
Were dinosaurs green? You'd think so going by pop culture imagery but there is no way to know if they were green or grey or something else.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Probability Abuse: Why P-Values And Statistical Significance Are So Often Misunderstood

May 21 2019 - 10:05
Have you read this week a claim by the Harvard School of Public Health that Food Z is linked to cancer or from our U.S. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) claims Chemical X is linked to Harm Y?

It's technically true, though in high-profile cases like with the International Agency for Research on Cancer in France, what they leave out is that to create their statistical hazard, they use studies with up up to 10,000 times the normal dose. To create hazard, they torture data but because they were able to get a p-value>.05 they declare it statistically significant.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

You Are What You Vote - Here's How Your Demographics Influence That

May 18 2019 - 07:05

Australia has changed in many ways over the past two decades. Rising house prices, country-wide improvements in education, an aging population, and a decline in religious affiliation, are just some of the ways it has changed. At the same time, political power has moved back and forth between the two major parties. How much can we attribute changes in political power to changes in who we are?

Quite a lot, as it turns out.

Finding the ‘average’ electorate

We analyzed election results from 2001 to 2016 and mapped them against data from the census to see how socio-demographic characteristics influence voting patterns, and how this has changed over time.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

It Is Rocket Science: Here's How We Could Move Our Planet

May 17 2019 - 16:05

In the Chinese science fiction film The Wandering Earth, recently released on Netflix, humanity attempts to change the Earth’s orbit using enormous thrusters in order to escape the expanding sun – and prevent a collision with Jupiter.

The scenario may one day come true. In five billion years, the sun will run out of fuel and expand, most likely engulfing the Earth. A more immediate threat is a global warming apocalypse. Moving the Earth to a wider orbit could be a solution – and it is possible in theory.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Call For Articles: Ultraprocessed Food, Surfactants, and Claims About Endocrine Disruption Leaping Generations

May 16 2019 - 16:05

1. A recent small experiment of "ultraprocessed" foods (arbitrarily defined as five or more ingredients including flavor-enhancing additives, dyes, or stabilizers) led the authors to conclude that this ultraprocessed food forced people to eat 500 calories more per day even though the participants did not say the food was better. 

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

The Voynich Manuscript Has Been Decoded. Again. Except It Hasn't.

May 16 2019 - 14:05
Beinecke MS 408, commonly called the Voynich Manuscript (after Wilfrid Voynich, a book dealer who bought it in Italy), has long dismissed as gibberish by most, but beginning in 1915, and certainly since the 1960s, it has also been a source of fascination for people who believe it must be a code. Or a recipe book. Or something. It is actually a proto-Romance language, according to a new paper. It just had never been written before because educated people used Latin, says Dr. Gerard Cheshire.

So uneducated people wrote in a language from 2000 years earlier?

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

The Dark Side Of 'Clean Eating': Obsession, Compulsion, And Poor Body Image

May 15 2019 - 12:05
Eating sensibly is an important part of a healthy lifestyle but for some people this preoccupation with healthy eating can become physically and socially impairing. The condition, called Orthorexia Nervosa, is a patholofical obsession with "clean eating" and a new study finds it's more common among those who have a history of an eating disorder, obsessive-compulsive traits, dieting, poor body image, and an irrational drive for thinness.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Will We Finally Get A Viable Alternative To Styrofoam?

May 15 2019 - 11:05
Advocates for getting rid of gasoline love to use images from the 19th century, asking why the public is not using modern alternatives. They try to allege it is a corporate effort to suppress competitors but the argument doesn't work very well when they also argue in other areas that companies are only inventing new products to have something to sell.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Smoking In Kids Has Fallen, And Bans On Display Ads Are Part Of The Reason Why

May 15 2019 - 10:05
Cigarette smoking among kids has continued to fall and since, as we have long noted, "smoking is a pediatric disease". if people don't take it up as children they likely never will. That will pay public health dividends. But with a problem about to be eliminated so is hundreds of billions of dollars that have been given to anti-smoking advocates, and many of them are scrambling to justify why their funding should continue.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Reducing Use Is Not The Answer: Here Are 5 Ways To Tackle Antibiotic Resistance

May 15 2019 - 10:05
An entire generation of parents was brought up believing that if hospitals used antimicrobial soap, then homes deserved it too. An entire generation of doctors were brought up in a defensive medicine culture and taught that if a patient really wanted something, like antibiotics for a flu, they had to get it, or lawyers and politicians would be using them for media soundbites. An entire generation of the public were taught that every drug should have the lower cost of generic versions, which has stymied creativity. An entire generation of regulators told us that the solution to a drug like Vioxx harming anyone was to double the cost and time of studies needed for approval.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

FDA Warns Public Of Homeopathic 'Remedies' That May Actually Do Something - Like Kill Your Kids With Natural Rat Poison

May 14 2019 - 13:05
Homeopathy, now two centuries old, proceeds from a fascinatingly bizarre premise; that there is a u-shaped curve for dose. Reasonable people know the dose makes the poison; a medicine that can help you at normal levels can be harmful at high levels. 

Homepaths (and the Endocrine Disrupting Chemical community) instead also believe in an upward curve at other end, that chemicals at extremely low levels can also affect people. This u-shaped curve allows all manner of homeopathic "remedies" to be foisted off on people, not to mention allowing anti-science activists to attribute magical statistical harms to chemicals that science can't detect.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Let’s Save A Million Species, And Make Biodiversity Great Again - UN Report Says We Know How Do It

May 14 2019 - 10:05
Online books Robert the Inventor About me

Let’s save a million species, and make biodiversity great again - UN report says we know how d

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Another California Jury Says Glyphosate Might Have Caused Cancer, And That's Worth $2 Billion

May 13 2019 - 19:05
Glyphosate, a common weedkiller, doesn't have a mechanism that acts on the biology of humans, at least without falling into a tub full of it and drowning, but trial lawyers know science does not matter to a jury, emotion does. And emotionally an agriculture company can come off stiff compared to a couple who used the product for 35 years and then both got non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

The Case For Preventative Antibiotics: They Reduce Maternal Infection Rate And Reduce Overall Antibiotic Use

May 13 2019 - 19:05
In a world where "antibiotic resistance" has been a concern, not just among those opposed to medical science but by mainstream consensus, it may seem odd to discuss the benefits of preventative antibiotics, but a large randomized trial indicates that the World Health Organisation and other national organizations should change antibiotic guidelines, at least for assisted childbirth.

In 2016, an estimated 19,500 women died because of pregnancy-related infections globally. Even in high-income settings, infections account for 1 in 20 maternal deaths, and as many as 1 in 8 in the USA. For every woman who dies from pregnancy-related infection, another 70 women develop a severe infection and survive often with long-term health consequences.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Call For Articles: USDA Honey Report, Swiss March Against Science And More

May 13 2019 - 17:05
1. On Wednesday, May 15th, the House Committee on Natural Resources: Subcommittee on Water, Oceans, and Wildlife will hold a Legislative Hearing on H.R. 2532: To protect grizzly bear populations, and for other purposes, in the Longworth House Office Building 1324. We'd like to solicit an article examining how serious the issue is.   Fee: $100 

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Melanoma: 4 Things To Know

May 13 2019 - 09:05
With summer just around the corner in Europe and America, it's time to think about the risk of too much sun exposure.  One greater hazard has less risk - melanoma - but though it is less common than some other types of skin cancer, it is more likely to grow and spread. 

In 2019, an estimated 96,000 new melanomas will be diagnosed and men are far greater impacted than women. About 7,000 people will die, nearly twice as many men as women. It is 20X more common in people of Caucasian descent than people of African descent. Though the average age of diagnosis is 63, it defies the cancer stereotype in young people, being one of the most common cancers in young adults.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

The Future Of Particle Physics Discussed In Granada

May 13 2019 - 06:05
And there it starts. At a very important juncture for fundamental science, physicists are gathering in Granada this week as part of a multi-pronged program that will lead to agreeing on what are the priorities for particle physics in Europe. And as particle physics is a global, collaborative endeavour nowadays, with experiments typically composed by thousands of physicists from all around the world, we can be sure that what will be agreed is going to shape the future years of this experimental discipline, as not only European projects are discussed, but more in general all projects to which European scientists contribute.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Why Strange Bat Skulls Evolved As They Did

May 12 2019 - 16:05
When most people think of bats they think of vampires or the World's Greatest Detective, but biologically they are much more diverse than pop culture reveals. With more than 1,300 species worldwide they are one of the largest groups of mammals. Some have large ears, others sport elaborate noses or long jaws. There's a lot of morphological variety, and that's a great lesson for what types of evolutionary forces shape the shapes of animals. Like their skulls.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Paper Links E-Cigarette Use To Child Abuse

May 10 2019 - 14:05
Do you vape? A new paper suggests you may have been abused as a child - at least in statistical parsing of a small survey.

A sample of 208 people aged 18-21 was used to create a correlation between childhood maltreatment and e-cigarette use, and explored the potential role of impulsivity in linking childhood maltreatment to e-cigarette use via a series of models controlling for demographic characteristics. Other papers have claimed that smoking is caused by childhood maltreatment but this is the first to claim a link between nicotine vapor and child abuse.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0

Did Coca-Cola Suppress Unfavorable Studies Or Is This Another Systemic Conspiracy Story By US Right To Know?

May 10 2019 - 10:05
U.S. Right To Know, an industry-funded trade group that was created to harass and intimidate scientists, has teamed up with a few academic allies to promote 129 Freedom of Information Act requests they submitted related to Coca-Cola.  To harass scientists as effectively as possible, they make requests overly broad so they can claim to "reveal" some suitably cosmic number, in this case 87,000 documents.

read more

Categories: Science 2.0