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Updated: 1 hour 8 min ago

More Like Modules: T. Rex Had A Flexible Skull

Feb 06 2019 - 17:02
Senckenberg scientist Ingmar Werneburg, together with an international team, re-examined the An examination of the skull structure of Tyrannosaurus rex using “anatomical network analysis” found that the carnivorous dinosaur had an extremely flexible skull structure.

Tyrannosaurus rex – the “King of the Tyrant Lizards” – owes its name in part to its impressive teeth and skull. Researchers compared the skull of T. rex with the skull construction of modern terrestrial vertebrates  to examine which skull bones are connected to each other and found that different bone modules led to a highly flexible muzzle that aided in tearing apart prey animals. 

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Earth And The Dark Side Of The Moon, All In One Picture

Feb 06 2019 - 15:02
In January, the Chang’e-4 lunar probe landed on dark side of the Moon but it's a tiny relay satellite that is getting all of the buzz today. 

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Coors Light Could Do A Commercial Noting Their Beer Is Not Brewed With Arsenic, Unlike Bud Light

Feb 06 2019 - 12:02
"Bud Light", a lower carbohydrate beer produced by  Anheuser–Busch InBev of Belgium, made waves at the Super Bowl, among beer experts and competitors at least, by assuring their customers they did not use corn syrup.

So corn syrup is bad? Well, no, they didn't say that, they just said they didn't have it, but such "nocebo" tactics - the opposite of placebo, making people feel healthier about a product they don't have - have been tried and true for 50 years.(1) 

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Aspiring Journalists, Apply For Logan Science Journalism Program Fellowship at the Marine Biological Laboratory

Feb 05 2019 - 12:02
Journalists are invited to apply for the 33rd annual Logan Science Journalism Program fellowship to be held at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) May 28 to June 7, 2019. 

The two categories are Biomedical or Environmental research and the event will take place in Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Travel plus room and meals are all paid.

The Biomedical Hands-On Research Course will teach essential techniques and concepts in cell, molecular, and developmental biology and genomics while the Environmental Hands-On Research Course will take place at a barrier beach, saltmarsh, and watershed ecosystem on Cape Cod.

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Celery Juice Joins Acai, Quinoa, And Curry In Being Goop Endorsed "Miracle Foods" That Do Nothing

Feb 05 2019 - 11:02
I got a butter shaper for Christmas. I asked for one because I make lot of butter in a mason jar and then just throw it in tupperware but my friends sometimes want butter and it feels a little dismissive to just hand them tupperware.

Imagine my disappointment when I read the instructions which stated that it needed to be treated with "Organic Coconut Oil." Butter used to be something almost everyone made and now it was the providence of uninformed hippies, it seems. Or maybe this company was trapped in 2016?

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ESO 510-G13: We Discovered A Warped Disc Of Massive Stars At The Edge Of Our Galaxy

Feb 05 2019 - 08:02

From a great distance, our Milky Way would look like a thin disc of stars that rotates once every few hundred million years around its central region. Hundreds of billions of stars provide the gravitational glue to hold it all together.

But the pull of gravity is much weaker in the galaxy’s far outer disc. Out there, the hydrogen clouds that make up most of the Milky Way’s gas disc are no longer confined to a thin plane. Instead, they give the disc an S-like, warped appearance.

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HPV Vaccine Did Not Lead To Promiscuity In Teenage Girls - Instead, Sexual Activity Declined

Feb 04 2019 - 17:02
When the HPV vaccine was first introduced, there were a number of reasons people listed for being critical. Some were just corporate cynicism - a company that just lost $5 billion in a Vioxx settlement was working its way under the same vaccine halo as polio and smallpox, they said. Others argued that it didn't work very well. And then there was a more subjective cultural claim that protecting teenage girls against a future cancer by making sex seem safer would lead to promiscuity.

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The Science Reason So Many People Believe In Psychic Powers

Feb 04 2019 - 15:02
Mind reading and the ability to predict the future are not skills people generally associate with the human race. Yet, research shows many people genuinely believe in the existence of psychic powers.

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How More Environmental Regulations Lead To More CO2 Emissions

Feb 04 2019 - 14:02
Data from 110 counties in 33 states from 1998 to 2014 has found that brute preservation efforts, the 'nature cannot be touched by humans' kind promoted by aggressive environmental groups, leads to more greenhouse gas emissions.

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In Chernobyl, It's No Bleak Metro 2033 Scenario - Wildlife Is Abundant

Feb 04 2019 - 12:02
Wildlife is abundant in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, found a month-long camera study which found 10 mammal and five bird species scavenging fish carcasses placed on the shoreline of rivers and canals there. Among the species were white-tailed eagles, American mink and river otter.

A previous study also found abundant gray wolves in this ecological zone of about 1,000 square miles that was abandoned by humans after the 1986 nuclear accident which made the name Chernobyl famous.  The new results provide evidence that aquatic nutrient resources can flow to terrestrial landscapes and become available to terrestrial as well as semiaquatic wildlife, like otter and mink.

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Dear Bud Light: Your Sugar Is Not Superior To Their Sugar - Yeast Can't Tell And Neither Can Humans

Feb 04 2019 - 11:02
During the Super Bowl, you can predict there will be a lot of beer commercials. As a non-drinker, this always puzzles me - haven't fans already bought their beer? - but advertising is a trillion dollar industry and I instead run a small non-profit so I am certainly not going to debunk capitalism.

However, I am going to debunk junk science and their suggestion that because they use one type of sugar to help yeast and their competitor uses another theirs is superior is junk science.

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Forcing Other Countries To Ban Shark Finning: A Bipartisan Conservation Bill Back In Congress

Feb 04 2019 - 08:02
During the George W. Bush administration, American furniture makers had a crippling disadvantage. While American timber was tightly regulated, foreign supplies had no limitations on where their wood originated from, and could engage in destructive practices and undercut U.S. companies.

President Bush solved that by modernizing the Lacey Act, which was the conservation brainchild of Republicans a century earlier and had been modified a few times since. Under the new law, if a supplier could not show a legitimate trail of legal acquisition, it simply could not come into the U.S. 

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Yes US & Russia Have Suspended The INF Treaty - That Does NOT Mean Nuclear War - And What Was That About Low Yield Weapons?

Feb 03 2019 - 05:02

This is another of my articles to help people who get terrified by news stories, which often get exaggerated titles even by responsible journalists. In this case many are scared that withdrawal from the INF is going to lead to a nuclear war. So, yes, it's in the news now that US has announced it will withdraw from the INF treaty, and Russia has responded with an identical move the day after. The US withdrawal has been expected for some weeks now and the Russian symmetrical response is hardly much of a surprise. IT IS NOT A DECLARATION OF NUCLEAR WAR.

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More Religious Belief Correlated To Lower Belief In Organic Food Claims

Feb 02 2019 - 09:02
In a recent experiment, participants were asked questions to gauge how religious they were and then about their willingness to purchase a fruit cup. Half were told the fruit cup was organic and half were told it was gluten-free.

People who were very religious had more favorable attitudes toward the gluten-free fruit cup and were more likely to say they would buy it than they would the organic kind.

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Salt Makes Winter Streets Safe - But Not By Melting Ice

Feb 01 2019 - 18:02

Brrr … it’s cold out there! Children are flocking to the television in hopes of hearing there will be a snow day; the bread and milk aisles at grocery stores are empty because of an impending snow storm; and utility trucks are out spraying salt or salt water on the roads.

We all know why the first two happen – kids are excited for a day off of school filled with hot chocolate and snowmen. Adults are stocking up on necessities. But what’s up with those trucks?

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Vegetarians Are Even More Okay With Eating Insects Than Omnivores Are

Feb 01 2019 - 06:02
For the last 20 years, insects have been touted as the next big thing in food, because they have a lot of protein and would be reasonable to produce at scale. And people who don't understand agriculture think land only suitable for animal husbandry could magically support amber waves of grain if we stopped eating steers.

But are insects too icky? Perhaps to people who have never seen animals slaughtered but have killed an insect. However, people who claim to know a lot about animal welfare and food, vegetarians, are okay with insects. Zoologically, they are correct, insects are not animals. 

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Exercise Is The Best Preventive Medicine, But Does Extreme Exercise Harm Health In Men? No

Jan 31 2019 - 13:01

Exercise is good for you but some people worry there can be too much of a good thing, especially for middle-aged athletes. Extreme running and high-endurance exercise were a concern to some doctors but a study using coronary calcium scanning, an imaging test that helps physicians classify patients without cardiac symptoms as low, intermediate, or high risk for heart attack, show the fear is unfounded.

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In Trial, E-Cigarettes Work Better For Smoking Cessation Than Big Pharma Products

Jan 31 2019 - 11:01
In a multi-center trial of almost 900 smokers(1), e-cigarettes were shown to be twice as effective as pharmaceutical "gold standard" approaches like gums, lozenges, and patches.

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Hybridization, Associated Gene Exchange In Baboons: How New Species Emerge

Jan 31 2019 - 10:01

Through our evolutionary history, change is the one constant. 99.9999% of species that have ever existed are extinct and new ones emerged that adapted to constantly changing environments. 

Baboons, with six species widespread in sub-Saharan Africa, are a modern example of adaptation and well studied when it comes to morphology, behavior and ecology. but less is known about their evolutionary history. That is why they are the subject of a new study on how speciation by lineage splitting, speciation by hybridization and associated gene exchange occurred. 

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The See-Saw Of Whether Or Not, And For Who, Statins Reduce Risk Of Major Cardiovascular Events Continues

Jan 31 2019 - 07:01
Statins are cholesterol lowering drugs that are widely prescribed to patients at increased risk of heart attacks or strokes. Though evidence from randomized trials has shown that statin therapy reduces absolute risk among a wide range of individuals there has been uncertainty about their benefits in older people, along with uncertainty about how big a risk factor cholesterol is.

In the past, trials that looked at the effect of statin therapy reported statistically valid cardiovascular risk reductions in the 65-70 age group but statin therapy is often discontinued in patients 75 and older in part because of this question around risk (e.g. myopathy) and benefit.

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