Science 2.0

There Is No Political Divide Over Masks

Science 2.0 - May 22 2020 - 06:05
It's an election year and the third coronavirus pandemic of the last 17 years so Resistance Journalism has lots of targets for its culture war, which is to say the War on Republicans.

So we have been treated to claims that Trump didn't do enough to prevent coronavirus deaths by letting CDC handle it after they previously claimed he did too much when he put in travel restrictions after WHO said it was unnecessary, because SARS-CoV-2 couldn't spread human to human.

And then stories of defiant tweets about right wingers not wearing masks because they are awful people.

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The Ins And Outs Of Nutrition In Sex Change

Science 2.0 - May 21 2020 - 15:05
There is a rare condition in humans and other vertebrates where they genetically belong to one sex but also have characteristics of the other.

Decades ago, scientists found that Oryzias latipes (Japanese rice fish, also called medaka) often undergo sex reversal in the wild and new exploratory research may lead to insight in humans.

In medaka fish. sex reversal involves genetically female larvae (meaning they have two X chromosomes) going on to develop male characteristics, or vice versa. Scientists had already discovered that environmental factors, such as temperature changes in the brackish and fresh waters where medaka fish live, are likely involved in their sex reversal.

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Sino-Soviet Playbook 2020: Half Of Tweets About Coronavirus Are Bots

Science 2.0 - May 21 2020 - 15:05
Are you convinced that 300,000 deaths worldwide mean America must stay closed for another three months? You are not alone. You see it everywhere, along with claims that America needs to reopen right this second. 

Which should you believe? None of them. Half of the retweets about coronavirus are done by bots, and that is right out of the Russian and Chinese playbook.

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Coronavirus Has Caused Democrats To Move Back Toward Trust In Science

Science 2.0 - May 21 2020 - 12:05
A year ago, and for this entire century, the nexus of anti-vaccine beliefs and other denial of science has been Democratic states. While places like Mississippi and Alabama had vaccine rates near 100 percent, an infectious disease crisis that began on the west coast forced politicians in California, where kids without vaccines totaled more than the other 49 states combined, to shuck off their wealthiest constituents and mandate them. (1)

Then COVID-19 took the world by storm and  all of that changed.

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Anomaly!: The Lost Chapters (Part 5)

Science 2.0 - May 21 2020 - 11:05
The text below is the fifth part of what could have become "Chapter 13" of the book "Anomaly! Collider Physics and the Quest for New Phenomena at Fermilab", which I published in 2016. For part 1 see here; for part 2 see here; for part 3 see here; for part 4 see here.

No superjets in Run 2

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Australia's Mountains Are Still Growing

Science 2.0 - May 20 2020 - 18:05
Because Australia was discovered late by Europeans it is considered an old continent with little geological activity, but a new study reveals that its mountains are still growing. Some parts of the Eastern Highlands of Victoria, including popular skiing destinations such as Mt Baw Baw and Mt Buller, may be as young as 5 million years, not the 90 million years thought by many.

The findings result from speleothems - stalagmites, stalactites, and flowstones - in the Buchan Caves.

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Native Americans Were Siberians First

Science 2.0 - May 20 2020 - 16:05
 Isotope analysis, ancient pathogen genomics, plus a dash of human population genetics have revealed the deeper connection to date between the early peoples of Siberia and the Americas. 

During the Early Bronze Age, people were expanding. 

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Forbidden Light In The Quantum World

Science 2.0 - May 20 2020 - 15:05
Using light waves to accelerate supercurrents can discern forbidden light the quantum world, where the conventional laws of physics are already forbidden.

Supercurrents are scientifically strange. At super cold temperatures, they can give us electricity that moves through materials without resistance and use of light pulses at terahertz frequencies- trillions of pulses per second - to accelerate electron pairs, known as Cooper pairs, within supercurrents, led scientists to "second harmonic light emissions," or light at twice the frequency of the incoming light used to accelerate electrons.

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Extinction: Maybe Cro-Magnon Wiped Out Neanderthals After All

Science 2.0 - May 20 2020 - 13:05
Why is Homo neanderthalensis gone while Homo sapiens have bent the world to our will? 

In recent years, there has been speculation that climate change wiped out Neanderthal people, or interbreeding with us, since many of us have DNA shared by Neanderthals (we also share 60 percent of our DNA with a banana) but a new paper affirms the earliest belief about survival of the fitter, commonly called survival of the fittest; competition between Cro-Magnon and Neanderthal. And Neanderthals lost.

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Green Snow: In A Warmer World, Algae Could Spread Across The Antarctic

Science 2.0 - May 20 2020 - 11:05
Satellite data with on-the-ground observations over two summers in Antarctica to detect and measure the green snow algae have led a group of scientists to suggest that if the world warms, larger fields of bright green snow could be seen from space as it spreads.

Antarctica is the world's southernmost continent, typically known as a frozen land of snow and ice. But terrestrial life can be abundant, particularly along its coastline. Although each individual alga is microscopic in size, when they grow en masse they turn the snow bright green.

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In April, The World Economy Dropped 6%, Emissions Dropped 17%- That First Number Is Most Important

Science 2.0 - May 19 2020 - 13:05
A U.N. report last year estimated that emissions needed to drop by nearly 3 percent per year to keep warming below 2 degrees Celsius. If that model is accurate, temperatures will start plummeting because in April alone emissions dropped 17 percent.

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Good News For Menopausal Women Taking Hop Supplements: They Don't Do Anything Bad

Science 2.0 - May 19 2020 - 10:05
Some menopausal women experience night sweats and hot flashes. Hormone replacement therapy is the standard of care for menopausal patients, but not all women are good candidates for it and then some simply don't trust science and medicine; they buy organic food, worry about cellphone radiation, and have read Facebook posts claiming hormone replacement therapy puts them at increased risk for breast cancer and cardiovascular disease.

Hops are labeled a natural alternative to medicine because they contain phytoestrogens. Phytoestrogens are plant-based compounds that mimic the action of female sex hormones, whose deficiency is considered to be the root of symptoms often felt by women in menopause.

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Drugs For Different Bodies: The Female Side Of Pharmaceuticals

Science 2.0 - May 18 2020 - 13:05
Maria-Rosa was a robust woman in her late forties with a loud voice and an infectious laugh. She was a project manager at a local contracting firm, a grandmother, and a born nurturer. During her multiple visits to the emergency department, she got to know some of the staff and was constantly asking after their little ones and offering them her brand of “take-no-prisoners” life advice.

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1910 Version Of The Scream May Have A Science Solution To Its Moisture Problem

Science 2.0 - May 15 2020 - 17:05
The Scream is not one work of art but several; two paintings, two pastels, several lithographic prints and a few drawings and sketches. Edvard Munch  was a practical artist so if the check cleared he would make another.

His original Tempera on Cardboard is the most well-known version and can be found in Oslo’s National Gallery (Nasjonalmuseet) while his least liked version is crayon on cardboard. After the first was sold he made another two years later, in pastel on cardboard, and it is a lot less gloomy than the original. Probably because of the money he was getting. He then painted another Tempera on Cardboard in 1910 because the others had sold.

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KORE ORGANIC Watermelon CBD Oil Tincture - Now With More Lead!

Science 2.0 - May 15 2020 - 15:05
One of the biggest hoaxes of the coronavirus period has been tinctures, such as those promoted by CNN journalist Chris Cuomo and his wife on her website. They don't do anything, but like most naturopathy they let you feel like you are doing something while you wait.

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Farmland Improves Bee Health

Science 2.0 - May 15 2020 - 14:05
The biggest cause of bee die-offs is just random luck. For as long as bee numbers have been reported there have been reports of sudden, large-scale die-offs. Nature is out to kill them like it is all of us. Yet more recently, it has been found that we can help bees make their own luck. Pesticides wipe out varroa mites, the greatest enemy bees have.

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Anomaly! : The Lost Chapters (Part 4)

Science 2.0 - May 15 2020 - 06:05
The text below is the fourth part of what could have become "Chapter 13" of the book "Anomaly! Collider Physics and the Quest for New Phenomena at Fermilab", which I published in 2016. For part 1 see here; for part 2 see here; for part 3 see here.

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WHO [May 13th]: Eradicating COVID-19 With A Safe And Effective Vaccine Would Be A Beacon Of Hope For The Future Of Our Planet

Science 2.0 - May 14 2020 - 20:05

The WHO have been hugely misreported by the media. Mike Ryan said that if we develop a safe and effective vaccine for COVID19 we also have to deploy it. We can do this. If we vaccinate enough people to eradicate this virus, it is a "beacon of hope" for the way we care about our world citizens.

Mike Ryan points out that we have a safe and effective vaccine for measles but haven't eliminated it from the world although we know how to do this.

[We have eradicted it from the Americas, last case July 2015 in Brazil. Measles elimination in the America]

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The Next Plague: Stenotrophomonas Maltophilia?

Science 2.0 - May 14 2020 - 16:05
Though coronavirus is a new name for much of the world, microbiologists have worried about it for half a century. It is in the same family as the common cold virus but with the right mutation it can be deadly to those with risk factors for respiratory diseases because it is common like the common cold.

To microbiologists, the world is filled with pathogens so predicting the next plague when nature is always out to kill us can verge on paranoia; instead we are fortunate most new crises never happen. Let's hope that worry about global spread of the multi-resistant pathogen Stenotrophomonas maltophilia fizzles out also.

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Plant Respiration Implicated In Arctic Melting

Science 2.0 - May 14 2020 - 11:05
A new paper has implicated a physiologic mechanism in vegetation as a cause for Arctic warming.

The "greenhouse effect" is well-known by now, water vapor that plants emit during photosynthesis serves to lower land surface temperature, similar watering the yard on a hot day, but it can lead to a rise in air temperature.

The new paper finds that the Arctic temperature rises when the moisture released by plants is reduced due to the increase of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) in the atmosphere. The increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration closes the pores (stomata) of plants in high-latitude areas and reduces their transpiration, which they find ultimately accelerates Arctic warming. 

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