Culture

An enzyme discovered at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) proves adept at breaking down cellulose fibers regardless of whether their crystalline structure is simple or highly complex. No other enzyme has shown that ability.

The presence of others reduces people's willingness to fact-check ambiguous information

People fact-check less often when in the perceived presence of other people versus when they are alone

While people are more likely to believe information that aligns with their own party affiliation, whether or not they fact-checked the same information depended only on perceived social presence

Increased activity in a brain region involved in motivation may protect from depressive symptoms associated with poor sleep, according to a large study of young adults published in The Journal of Neuroscience.

URBANA, Ill. - Some people are quick to purchase the latest technology or sign up for a new service. Others adopt a wait-and-see strategy. A recent study by University of Illinois economist Hope Michelson, finds this is true for farmers in Nicaragua who enter into contracts with Walmart.

The study is based on data Michelson collected from 400 farmers over eight years, beginning the year Walmart began buying produce in Nicaragua. The data include when farmers entered a relationship with Walmart and when they dropped out.

Lack of consumer engagement, insufficient information, and inadequate attention to vulnerability has slowed down the UK rollout of energy smart meters, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Sussex.

The £11 billion smart meter programme, which is supported by a £100-million marketing campaign, has not met its targets due to consumer apathy and confusion, especially in the case of vulnerable people, say the researchers.

Fresh insights into the genetic code of sheep could aid breeding programmes to improve their health and productivity.

Scientists have mapped which genes are turned on and off in the different tissues and organs in a sheep's body.

Their findings shed new light on the animal's complex biology, including insight into the function of genes linked to immunity and meat quality.

Researchers say the insights could eventually inform animal breeding programmes aimed at improving farmers' stocks.

People with schizophrenia are three times more likely to die, and die younger, than the general population, indicating a need for solutions to narrow this gap, according to research published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Teenagers who try e-cigarettes double their risk for smoking tobacco cigarettes, according to a new study.

The study -- from the University of Waterloo and the Wake Forest School of Medicine -- found that students in grades seven to 12 who had tried an e-cigarette are 2.16 times more likely to be susceptible to cigarette smoking.

MONTREAL, Sept. 15, 2017 - Most Canadians over 65 years of age take a lot of prescription drugs -- two-thirds, in fact, take more than five a day, while two out of every five of Canadians over 80 take more than 10 a day. And many worry it's all too much, a new national survey by Université de Montréal researchers has found.

Although 29 states and the District of Columbia allow marijuana use for medical purposes, few medical students are being trained how to prescribe the drug. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis surveyed medical school deans, residents and fellows, and examined a curriculum database maintained by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), learning that medical marijuana is not being addressed in medical education.

Their findings are available online in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence.