Science 2.0

Diboson Resonances - Part 2

Science 2.0 - Dec 20 2017 - 06:12
In the previous post I discussed the generalities of "diboson production" at the LHC. Dibosons are pairs of elementary bosons - the photon (carrier of electromagnetic interactions), the W and Z bosons (carriers of the weak interaction, respectively charged and neutral), the gluon (carrier of the strong interaction, and coming in 8 undistinguishable varieties), and the Higgs particle.  -->

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Exploding Stars: How Atmospheric Ions Cloud Climate Change Studies

Science 2.0 - Dec 19 2017 - 06:12
Cosmic rays from supernovae can influence Earth´s cloud cover and how that influences climate could be useful for making better models.

A new study shows how atmospheric ions, produced by the energetic cosmic rays raining down through the atmosphere,help the growth and formation of cloud condensation nuclei – the seeds necessary for forming clouds in the atmosphere. When the ionization in the atmosphere changes, the number of cloud condensation nuclei changes affecting the properties of clouds.

More cloud condensation nuclei mean more clouds and a colder climate, and vice-versa.
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Diboson Resonances: A Whole New World - Part 1

Science 2.0 - Dec 15 2017 - 12:12
After one quite frantic November, I emerged victorious two weeks ago from the delivery of a 78-pages, 49-thousand-word review titled "Hadron Collider Searches for Diboson Resonances". The article, which will be published in the prestigious "Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics", an Elsevier journal with an impact factor above 11 (compare with Physics Letters B, IF=4.8, or Physical Review Letters, IF=8.5, to see why it's relevant), is currently in peer review, but that does not mean that I cannot make a short summary of its contents here. -->

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Vaping Is More Popular Than Opioids Among Young People - And That's A Public Health Win

Science 2.0 - Dec 14 2017 - 11:12
Too much caffeine is bad for you. It's very risk to buy powdered caffeine for that reason. But it's addictive and people do it. Likewise, too much nicotine is bad for you and you can't shouldn't buy undiluted optically pure nicotine and start inhaling it. 

But young people will do risky things. Some may smoke marijuana or cigarettes, some may get addicted to alcohol or drugs. Young people who take up vaping rather than opioids today are a lot better off than a generation ago.
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The Supreme Court Could Make The Endangered Species Act The Most Powerful Law In America - By Doing Nothing

Science 2.0 - Dec 08 2017 - 12:12

The definition of "endangered" is vague but in no dictionary does it mean an animal that does not even live in a state must be placed there, with private landowners footing the bill for $20 million, in order to keep a creature from declining in population.

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Alpha Zero Teaches Itself Chess 4 Hours, Then Beats Dad

Science 2.0 - Dec 07 2017 - 08:12
Peter Heine Nielsen, a Danish chess Grandmaster, summarized it quite well. "I always wondered, if some superior alien race came to Earth, how they would play chess. Now I know". The architecture that beat humans at the notoriously CPU-impervious game Go, AlphaGo by Google Deep Mind, was converted to allow the machine to tackle other "closed-rules" games. Successively, the program was given the rules of chess, and a huge battery of Google's GPUs to train itself on the game. Within four hours, the alien emerged. And it is indeed a new class of player. -->

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Does Your Brain Naturally Feel God? Temp Lobe Feel Of Person Presence & Evolved Religion

Science 2.0 - Dec 05 2017 - 23:12
There is an area close to the left ear, in the ‘temporal lobe’, that, when stimulated via strong magnetic fields, triggers religious feelings, visions of bright lights at the end of a tunnel, and, at a certain frequency, the feeling of the presence of somebody next to oneself, or somehow present, although subjects are in another room and separated from the researchers. This area is damaged in patients with the kind of schizophrenia that Vincent Van Gough suffered. His attacks of deeply religious visions started a few years before he died.

 

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Threat Via Emoji - The Law Does Not Consider Them A Joke

Science 2.0 - Dec 05 2017 - 07:12

Nearly everyone is familiar with emoji, those popular icons that appear in text messages, emails and social media platforms. Emoji are often used as light-hearted adjuncts to text, or to soften the blow of a message.

Emoji can be viewed as overly simplistic in some contexts. For example, government officials were questioned when Foreign Minister Julie Bishop conducted an interview using just emoji, and described Russian President Vladmir Putin using an angry face  

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Predicting How Plant Species Might Respond To Climate Change

Science 2.0 - Dec 05 2017 - 06:12
Though CO2 emissions have plummeted in the United States, as developing nations achieve prosperity they will want air conditioners, sanitation and food - and those all require energy. They sure are not going to let already wealthy nations tell them they must be stuck with solar panels.

So climate change may still happen, at least if energy technology stops and fossil fuel use does not. If so, how will plant species will respond to climate change? A 16-year experiment may provide answers. Of course, the experiment is small, the size of two football fields inside the Garraf National park southwest of Barcelona, but it is home to many protected species. So even if it can't model an ecosystem it can model part of one.
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For The British, Bans Increase Happiness

Science 2.0 - Dec 04 2017 - 14:12
In 2007, there was a ban that increased happiness for married women, but not men, according to the British Household Panel Survey.
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Making Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Treatable Again

Science 2.0 - Dec 04 2017 - 13:12
Transport proteins called efflux pumps, and their role in creating drug-resistance in bacteria, could lead to improving effectiveness of drugs against life-threatening diseases and perhaps even bring defunct antibiotics back to prominence.
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When Pharmacy Experts Take Medical Histories, Medication Errors Drop 80 Percent

Science 2.0 - Dec 04 2017 - 10:12
When pharmacy professionals — rather than doctors or nurses — take medication histories of patients in emergency departments, mistakes in drug orders can be reduced by more than 80 percent, according to a recent paper.

Injuries resulting from medication use are among the most common types of inpatient injuries at U.S. hospitals, affecting hundreds of thousands of patients every year. Errors in medication histories can lead physicians to order the wrong drug, dose or frequency.
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Liza Gross And The Credibility Hole Science Media Must Crawl Out Of

Science 2.0 - Dec 04 2017 - 10:12
ABC News recently suspended Brian Ross (four weeks without pay) for fabricating an unsubstantiated story that matched his ideological beliefs about Republicans and President Donald Trump and which caused the Dow Jones Industrial Average to plummet. This was not the first time he had turned his wishful thinking into action, he also blamed the Aurora, Colorado shooting on the Tea Party. It was, however, the first time ABC instituted some accountability for his work.
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Another Nice Review Of "Anomaly!"

Science 2.0 - Dec 03 2017 - 09:12
It was nice to find John Duffield's review of my book "Anomaly! Collider Physics and the Quest for New Phenomena at Fermilab" in the Amazon site today. -->

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When Ignorance Kills Human Progress, And A Petition You Should Sign

Science 2.0 - Dec 01 2017 - 06:12
An experiment designed to study neutrinos at the Gran Sasso Laboratories in Italy is under attack by populistic media. Why should you care? Because it's a glaring example of the challenges we face in the XXI century in our attempt to foster the progress of the human race.
What is a neutrino? Nothing - it's a particle as close to nothing as you can imagine. Almost massless, almost perfectly non-interacting, and yet incredibly mysterious and the key to the solution of many riddles in fundamental physics and cosmology. But it's really nothing you should worry about, or care about, if you want to lead your life oblivious of the intricacies of subnuclear physics. Which is fine of course - unless you try to use your ignorance to stop progress.
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North Korea ICBM Likely Carried Light Mock Warhead - Not Quite So Mad Dictator - And Effects Of Hydrogen Bomb Test In Pacific

Science 2.0 - Nov 29 2017 - 04:11

Once more many people are getting scared as a result of the recent North Korea test which puts the whole of the US in range.  The headlines say it puts all of US in range. You have to read carefully to discover it was probably a lightweight mock warhead. The way over hyped news stories about North Korea scare vulnerable young children and adults. So I write this to help put it in perspective. Also to explain why there is no way North Korea want to attack the US with a nuclear weapon. Nor does the US have any military options involving an invasion of North Korea, and both sides know that.

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From Neuroscience To AI: How Robots See

Science 2.0 - Nov 27 2017 - 06:11

How vision operates is a complex task thehuman brain (and now “computer brains” have to take on). We take much of whatour brains do for granted.

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Online Myth: 90 Percent Will Shop In Retail Stores This Holiday Season

Science 2.0 - Nov 23 2017 - 11:11

It surprises most millennials to learn that only about 10 percent of all retail purchases are actually made online. Each semester, when I ask hundreds of undergraduate business students to estimate, they consistently guess that between a quarter and half of all retail spending happens on the internet. But this holiday shopping season, as ever in the past, the overwhelming majority of purchases will still happen within four physical walls of a store.

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We Need Mandatory Sexual Harassment Insurance

Science 2.0 - Nov 22 2017 - 19:11

The proliferation of sexual harassment allegations against powerful people in government, business, and media has brought to light a serious cultural problem in America that needs to be addressed.

The best solution is likely what we are witnessing now: Public shaming. In the age of social media, shaming is an important tool for those without power to keep those with power in check.

Undoubtedly, however, we will soon hear calls from do-gooders that the federal government needs to get involved. We’ll need more rules. More laws. Perhaps even a Sexual Harassment Czar.

Because I want to stay ahead of the curve, I would like to propose a solution inspired by Obamacare: Government mandated sexual harassment insurance for men.

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Relevance Of Race And G Factor Over Social Darwinism In China And General

Science 2.0 - Nov 21 2017 - 01:11
Since writing on intelligence and race, many who know me and that I am capable of Aspergerian levels of critical thought, such as the boss of Science2.0, cannot understand how I, the quantum relativist unforgiving of any simplification, can be suddenly so naïve as to, for instance when discussing IQ, neglect different kinds of intelligence and “creativity”. Such dismissals occur in spite of, as it is relevant for this particular example of discussing intelligence, my discussing analytic-verbal versus spatial intelligence and “emotional intelligence”, and also knowing from personal experience what can be described as a “lack of creativity/critical thinking” of East Asians (I teach East Asians for 15 years, a decade in China!). -->

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